文章
醫療新知 > 運用電腦科技抗癌,微軟也來參一腳

運用電腦科技抗癌,微軟也來參一腳

03-10-2016

 money.cnn.com

( 圖片來源 CNN Money )

索引目錄

IT 大廠一向致力於想把電腦科學應用在醫療,包括 IBM 以其華生(Watson)做出多種醫療應用、蘋果(Apple)2015 年發表醫學研究開源碼工具 ResearchKit ,以及先前 Google X 之下 Google 生命科學(Google Life Science)團隊改制成的獨立子公司 Verily 等,如今微軟(Microsoft)透露它也參上一腳,於 2016 年 9 月公布數個抗癌研究計畫。 

微軟在英國劍橋的研究中心有電腦科學家、生物學家、工程學家共 150 人一同研究對抗癌症的新療法,其中的生物化學部門打算以電腦科學家思考軟體程式的方式來思考癌症。研究人員認為,只要能找出正常細胞的「程式碼」當初是怎麼寫成的,就能找出癌症細胞的「程式碼」是哪裡出了問題,然後就能「除臭蟲」(debug)把細胞重新設定為正常細胞。

過去許多電腦科學家也都跟微軟的這個計畫一樣,覺得細胞只是一連串程式碼,說起來若以 DNA 的基本運作原理來說,的確是有種程式碼的概念於其中,可是這個程式常常複雜到遠超出電腦科學家的想像,因此過去類似的想法幾乎都遭到滑鐵盧。

不過,全球最大的獨立慈善癌症研究機構,英國癌症研究中心(Cancer Research UK),仍然對微軟的努力表示讚揚,表示這種跨多領域專長的研究嘗試,是找出癌症解藥的重要關鍵,因為癌症雖然統稱為癌,但是卻是非常複雜的無數不同癌症的總稱,總共有兩百多種不同癌症,而就算得同一種癌,每個人身上的癌症也都是獨一無二的,因此需要從很多不同的面相來研究如何對抗癌症。英國癌症研究中心希望微軟此一具備強大企圖心的研究計畫能對癌症治療發展有所幫助。

微軟的另一個抗癌研究計畫,研究者利用機器學習的技術,讓電腦整理既有的所有研究資料,協助腫瘤醫學專家從已知研究中找出最佳的治療方法。這對臨床醫師來說可說相當實用,每天全球有無數新研究發表,臨床醫師卻往往忙到無法一一閱讀,但是對電腦來說蒐集資料反而是簡單工作,可成為臨床醫師的小幫手。這個過程類似 IBM 以華生電腦所進行的醫療方面應用。

不過,判斷把這些研究報告的可信度,以及決定如何應用在眼前這個病人身上,還是需要人來進行。

IT 企業大手筆投入醫療領域,雖然值得鼓勵,不過電腦與人體基本上的不同,讓先前的嘗試效果都大打折扣,如今微軟也宣示大力投入,會是重蹈覆轍,還是能殺出一條新路,就看其研究團隊到底能不能真的好好跨領域結合了。

technews.tw/2016/09/29/how-microsoft-wants-to-solve-cancer-using-computer-science/

How Microsoft wants to 'solve cancer' using computer science

 

Could coders solve cancer in the same way they tackle computer science problems?

Microsoft (MSFTTech30) is hoping the answer is yes. The company has revealed details of its latest research on Tuesday, saying it is aiming to "solve cancer using computer science."

 

Researchers at Microsoft's lab in Cambridge, England, are trying to map the "code" of the disease, hoping that once they understand how the problem occurs, they'd be able to re-program cancer cells into healthy cells.

Jasmin Fisher, who is a senior researcher at the lab and also a professor at the biochemistry department at Cambridge University, said she and her colleagues are trying to think about cancer in the same way computer scientists think about computer programs.

"If you can figure out how to build these programs, and then you can debug them, it's a solved problem," she said.

Microsoft didn't say how much money it is investing into the program, but its spokesperson said around 150 people work in the research center in Cambridge. They range from computer scientists to biologists and engineers.

 

computer science cancer

 

 

Related: Turning the Apple Watch into a seizure detector

Cancer Research U.K., the world's largest independent cancer research charity, said this multi-disciplinary approach is key to medical progress.

"Cancer is a very complex problem as there are more than 200 different types and everybody's cancer is unique. So it's a challenge that needs many different approaches to solve it," said Justine Alford, the charity's senior science information officer.

"We hope this ambitious project will lead to discoveries that help in the battle against cancer," she said.

Microsoft revealed details of several of its cancer research initiatives on Tuesday. It said one group of researchers is using machine learning to sort through research data available to help oncologists figure out the best treatment options.

That's where machines are already making a difference. An oncologist looking after a number of patients is not able to go through all the available data to figure out the most effective, individualized cancer treatment for each of them. But a powerful computer can do that.

"We've reached the point where we are drowning in information. We can measure so much, and because we can, we do," Fisher said. "How do you take that information and turn that into knowledge? That's a different story," she added.

IBM (IBMTech30) Watson uses similar technology already, helping oncologists analyze patients' medical information against research data to suggest treatment options.

Related: Health care costs rise by most in 32 years

Microsoft is not the first big tech company to turn to medical research. Apple (AAPLTech30)has launched an open-source tool for creating medical studies called ResearchKit last year. It gathers medical information from Apple's giant pool of users, making it available for researchers.

Google X, Google (GOOGLTech30) research lab, is also working on a variety of medical research programs. They include the use of cloud computing and nanotechnologies.

money.cnn.com/2016/09/20/technology/microsoft-cancer-research/index.html

疑難排解

會員註冊


或許你會想看
【醫療新知】科技園創科社群逾30創新醫療方案 亮相醫療健康周吸引投資者目光
  科技園創科社群逾30創新醫療方案  亮相醫療健康周吸引投資者目光 公開亮相包括癌症測試及心血管疾 […]
「1+」新機制 兩治癌新藥准在港註冊
特區政府推出「1+」新藥審批機制實施後,已有兩款癌症新藥獲批准在香港註冊,讓更多本地病人受惠。醫院管理局表示, […]
【北上求診】政府延續「支援粵港澳大灣區醫院管理局病人先導計劃」至明年三月底
醫務衞生局(醫衞局)今日(三月七日)公布,「支援粵港澳大灣區醫院管理局病人先導計劃」(先導計劃)會延續至明年三 […]
【醫學研究】港大醫學院研究顯示太極有效改善晚期肺癌患者睡眠質素
晚期肺癌患者睡眠障礙及心理症狀 影響整體存活率 肺癌一直是香港最常見的癌症,亦是主要的癌症死因。晚期肺癌患者長 […]
FDA批准首個靶向HER2陽性跨癌種治療藥Enhertu
近日,美國FDA批准了一款針對轉移性HER2陽性實體瘤的靶向藥物,這意味著該類患者無論是哪種癌症類型以及癌細胞 […]
【中西醫協作】醫務衞生局委任中醫藥發展專員
醫務衞生局(醫衞局)今日(四月十日)宣布,經公開招聘後,委任鍾志豪博士為中醫藥發展專員。任期由二○二四年五月二 […]
【癌症研究】中大醫學院研究應對肝癌免疫治療的抗藥性
原發性肝癌是全球第四大及香港第三大致命癌症。2021年,本港有超過1,400人死於肝癌。對於無法進行切除腫瘤手 […]
【癌症治療】綠葉製藥創新葯在港澳門上市 小細胞肺癌二線治療迎來新突破
2024年3月7日,中國香港&中國澳門——由香港腫瘤治療學會主辦、綠葉製藥集團支持的“小細胞肺癌(SC […]
【醫學研究】中大研究發現咽峽炎鏈球菌可引致胃癌
香港中文大學(中大)醫學院最新研究發現一種名為「咽峽炎鏈球菌」(Streptococcus anginosus […]
【醫學研究】癌症治療新突破:港大醫學院研製雙重抗腫瘤疫苗
香港大學李嘉誠醫學院(港大醫學院)的研究團隊發現,從 γδ-T 細胞中提取的外泌體不僅具有直接的抗腫瘤效果,在 […]
【大灣區醫療】首間港資深圳私人綜合醫院 盼縮短港人治療輪候時間 |深圳新風和睦家醫院介紹
本港公營醫療服務供不應求,導致病人長期輪候成常態。近期港人流行「北上消費」,除了吃喝玩樂,「北上醫療」亦是「北 […]
【大灣區醫療】深圳新風和睦家醫院與保誠保險簽署跨境保險業務合作,進一步拓展大灣區醫療網絡服務
深圳新風和睦家醫院(以下簡稱「和睦家」)與保誠保險有限公司(以下簡稱「保誠」)今日簽署戰略性的直接合作,保誠成 […]