文章
癌症的誘因 > 研究:女性灌洗私處 卵巢癌風險增一倍

研究:女性灌洗私處 卵巢癌風險增一倍

06-08-2016

 美國國家環境衛生科學研究所(NIEHS)一項研究顯示,有灌洗私處習慣的女性,患上卵巢癌的機會是沒灌洗習慣女性的兩倍。早前的研究已發現灌洗與子宮頸癌、生育能力下降、愛滋病和其他性傳播疾病之間有關聯。

 

研究在2003年至2014年進行,對象是41,000名年齡介乎35至74歲女性,每人均有一名患有乳癌的姐妹,但開始參與研究時並無患上乳癌或卵巢癌。至2014年7月,有154名研究對象患上卵巢癌,當中報稱有灌洗私處習慣的研究對象,患卵巢癌的機會是其他人的兩倍。

 

美國衛生及公共服務部表示,灌洗可能導致有害細菌過度生長,導致酵母菌感染,細菌有機會進入子宮、輸卵管和卵巢。雖然過去已有報道說明灌洗的壞處,但美國15至44歲的婦女中,仍有四分一人持續這個習慣。「灌洗產品被認為是化妝品,美國食品和藥物管理局未有要求廠商測試產品的安全。」

 

英國《每日郵報》

 

The feminine hygiene craze which could be putting YOUR health at risk: Women who douche have 'double the risk of ovarian cancer'

  • Vaginas clean themselves but 25% of women use cleaning devices
  • Health officials warn this can lead to yeast infections and other issues
  • But a new study warns it can also increase risk of ovarian cancer 
  • The devices include scented sprays and tampon-like products 

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3720788/The-feminine-hygiene-craze-putting-health-risk-Women-douche-double-risk-ovarian-cancer.html#ixzz4GVrLKkB5 
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

 

Women who douche are twice as likely to develop ovarian cancer, a national U.S. study shows.

Prior studies have linked douching, or vaginal washing with a device, to yeast infections, pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancies. 

Researchers have also found associations between douching and cervical cancer, reduced fertility, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

But the new National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences study is the first to tie cancer of the ovaries to the procedure routinely practiced by millions of American women.

Vaginas clean themselves yet 25% of women use cleaning devices - but there is a danger

Vaginas clean themselves yet 25% of women use cleaning devices – but there is a danger

WHAT IS DOUCHING? 

Vaginas naturally clean themselves.

But some women use scented sticks, sprays and other materials to perfume their crotch.  

Squirting cleansers or other mixtures inside the canal only interferes with nature's balance. 

Douching can cause an overgrowth of harmful bacteria.

This can lead to yeast infections, and push bacteria up into the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.

The Office on Women's Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) warns against it.

Nevertheless, one quarter of women between the ages of 15 and 44 douche, HHS says.

Joelle Brown, an epidemiology professor at the University of California, San Francisco said that although she knew about other health problems associated with douching, the link between douching and ovarian cancer took her by surprise.

'While most doctors and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists strongly recommend that women do not douche, many women continue to douche because they falsely perceive douching to have positive health benefits, such as increased cleanliness,' she said. 

Brown was not involved in the current study.

Interventions to encourage women not to douche are needed, she said.

Ovarian cancer is known as 'the silent killer' because women often experience no symptoms until the disease has progressed to an advanced stage. 

An estimated 20,000 American women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer and about 14,500 die from it annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The new analysis in the journal Epidemiology followed more than 41,000 women throughout the U.S. and Puerto Rico since 2003 as part of the Sister Study. 

Participants were 35 to 74 years old, and each had a sister who had been diagnosed with breast cancer. The subjects were free of breast and ovarian cancer when they enrolled in the study.

By July 2014, researchers counted 154 cases of ovarian cancer among participants. 

Women who reported douching during the year before entering the study nearly doubled their risk of ovarian cancer, the study found.

The link between douching and ovarian cancer was even stronger when the authors looked only at women who didn't have breast-cancer genes in their family.

No study had ever before examined a possible relationship between douching and ovarian cancer, senior author Clarice Weinberg said.

She is deputy chief of the biostatistics and computational biology branch at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.

'There are a number of health reasons not to douche, and I can't think of any reason to do it,' she said.

Some women use scented sticks, sprays and other materials to perfume their crotch

Some women use scented sticks, sprays and other materials to perfume their crotch

Vaginas naturally clean themselves, and squirting cleansers or other mixtures inside the canal only interferes with nature's balance. 

Douching can cause an overgrowth of harmful bacteria, lead to yeast infections, and push bacteria up into the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries, according to the Office on Women's Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Nevertheless, one quarter of women between the ages of 15 and 44 douche, HHS says.

Brown, who led a 2016 study published in PLoS One that examined women's motivations for douching, said she has long been fascinated by the display of so-called feminine hygiene products lining drugstore shelves.

 There are a number of health reasons not to douche, and I can't think of any reason to do it
Senior author Clarice Weinberg

'In most pharmacies you can find entire aisles dedicated to vaginal douches, suppositories and gels that are meant to make your vagina smell like a tropical splash or a cookie,' she said.

Women douched as far back as 1500 B.C., when an Egyptian papyrus recommended intravaginal washing with garlic and wine to treat menstrual disorders. 

American women once douched with Lysol, and some mistook the toilet bowl disinfectant for birth control.

Women often learn to douche from their mothers, Brown's study found. 

They do so because they see douching as a necessary part of good hygiene, to prepare for sex, to clean up after sex and at the urging of their male partners.

Despite medical recommendations, douching remains a common practice because women 'believe that the products they are using would not be for sale or recommended by their mothers if they were not safe,' Brown said.

'In general, I think women do not realize that douching products do not fall under the same kind of safety regulation as drugs,' she said. 

'Instead, douching products are considered cosmetics, which means that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not require that douche manufacturers test their products for safety.'

HOW MANY WOMEN ARE STRUCK BY OVARIAN CANCER/YEAR 

城中活動

2021-12-29 2:30 下午 義剪服務 – 癌症患者
2021-12-18 6:00 下午 Hoo~Hoo~Merry X’mas 聖誕聚會
2021-12-18 10:00 上午 癌症支援服務義工培訓系列

疑難排解

會員註冊


或許你會想看
消委會抽查17款膠鑊鏟 5款檢出潛在致癌物
消委會抽查17款膠鑊鏟 5款檢出潛在致癌物 廚具日新月異,現代「掌廚人」比以前的煮婦容易做得多,只要輕鬆按下按 […]
美國癌症協會揭示癌症年輕化的趨勢︰ 原來都是「肥胖」的錯﹖
美國癌症協會揭示癌症年輕化的趨勢︰ 原來都是「肥胖」的錯﹖     [新聞發佈 2019. […]
乳癌4大致病危機 及早發現勝治療
乳癌4大致病危機 及早發現勝治療   目前,乳癌是香港女性最常見的癌症。在二零一三年,有超過3,50 […]
勞工鎳暴露 肺功能差、易罹癌
勞工鎳暴露 肺功能差、易罹癌 電鍍業勞工鎳暴露風險高,肺功能明顯較差。 圖/123RF 勞工長期鎳暴露,可能影 […]
吸煙男攝過量維B增肺癌風險
吸煙男攝過量維B增肺癌風險       ■梁慧思指市民從日常均衡飲食中,已可攝取 […]
女士注意!6個子宮頸癌疑團大解謎
女士注意!6個子宮頸癌疑團大解謎       子宮頸癌與後生女無關?女士有固定性 […]
老火湯不是人人適合 乳癌基金會主席:或增乳癌復發風險
老火湯不是人人適合  乳癌基金會主席:或增乳癌復發風險         […]
食無定時壓力大 胃癌找上門
食無定時壓力大 胃癌找上門 根據醫管局最新發布的數據,胃癌是本港第6大常見癌症,本港每年亦有逾千宗胃癌新症。有 […]
全球80萬新症 證糖尿病肥胖致癌
  權威醫學雜誌《刺針》昨天發表最新研究報告,顯示癌症與糖尿病和肥胖關係密切,研究團隊指在2012年 […]
研究:美國42%癌症來自可避免的壞習慣
食用紅肉或加工肉品是罹患癌症的原因之一。(Shutterstock)   研究人員今天表示,美國約十 […]
WHO最新致癌物清單 鹹魚和菸酒並列一級致癌物
▲世界衛生組織最新致癌物清單,中式鹹魚和菸、酒、檳榔一同被列為一級致癌物。(圖/翻攝自Wikimedia Co […]
長服PPI治胃病 胃癌風險倍增
  是藥三分毒。質子泵抑制劑(PPI)是一種常見治療腸胃疾病的藥物,但香港大學醫學團隊13日公佈一項 […]