義大利專家推出“防癌披薩” / The cancer-preventing pizza: Italian scientists use Mediterranean vegetables to create a healthier version of the popular dish
文章來自: 多維新聞 (中)
The cancer-preventing pizza: Italian scientists use Mediterranean vegetables to create a healthier version of the popular dish (and you can eat it twice a week)
- Researchers at the National Cancer Institute in Naples invented the healthy pizza
- It has no meat or cheese, but olives, broccoli, tomatoes and garlic
- They say the Pizza Pascalina is healthy enough to be eaten twice a week
Scientists and chefs in Italy say they have made a pizza which prevents cancer and heart disease.
The Pizza Pascalina, designed by scientists in Naples, has been called ‘the pizza that extends life’ and an ‘anti-tumour’ pizza.
The Pascalina is packed with ingredients from the Mediterranean diet which are known to have health benefits.
Neither cheese nor meat feature on the dish; its toppings include tomatoes, olives and rapini – a type of broccoli.
It will be on sale at the Napoli Pizza Village, a pizza festival in Naples this week.
Scientists from the Istituto Nazionale Tumori in Naples – the national cancer institute – say the pizza is healthy enough to eat twice a week.
Pizza is usually considered to be an unhealthy treat, but scientists in Naples say the Pizza Pascalina – which contains no cheese – is healthy enough to be eaten twice a week
A group of researchers, restaurateurs, food producers and consumers came together the invent the pizza, according to Italian news site Affar Italiani.
Pizza can be healthy
They hope to encourage people to eat well – and show that even pizza can healthy – the site reports.
The pizza has a wheat flour base and is topped with cherry tomatoes, rapini, olives and extra virgin olive oil, garlic and chilli.
The Pascalina does not include cheese or meat, both of which are popular toppings but are also fatty and can contribute to heart disease.
Its healthy ingredients were chosen for their ability to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and some types of cancer in the digestive system, including bowel cancer.
Scientists have long praised the health-giving benefits of the Mediterranean diet, and studies suggest it could help tackle obesity, cancer, heart problems and brain disease.
Research last year showed tomatoes can slow the growth of stomach cancer, and the World Health Organization recommended in May that other countries follow a diet high in olive oil, fruits and vegetables.
Pizza Pascalina will be available to try at this week’s pizza festival on Naples’s waterfront until Sunday, June 10.
Past research shows pizza slices cancer risk
This is not the first time pizza has been said to help prevent cancer.
Research in 2003 discovered people who eat pizza at least twice a week are 59 per cent less likely to develop cancer of the oesophagus, have a 34 per cent lower risk of throat cancer and are 26 per cent less likely to get bowel cancer.
Dr Silvano Gallus, of the Mario Negri Institute for Pharmaceutical Research in Milan, said at the time: ‘We knew that the tomatoes used in the sauce are considered to be a food that prevents certain tumours.
‘However, we did not expect that pizza as a whole offered such high prevention against cancer.’
The secret is in tomatoes
The secret is thought to lie in lycopene, an antioxidant in the skin of tomatoes which makes them red.
It is thought that lycopene may inhibit or even reverse the growth of tumours.
Lycopene is found in fresh tomatoes but is much more efficiently absorbed by the body when the tomatoes have been processed into foods.
The 2003 findings were published in the International Journal of Cancer.
HOW IS THE PIZZA PASCALINA HEALTHIER?
Researchers say the Pizza Pascalina is healthier than other pizzas because it is based on foods which reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease.
It does not have cheese or meat, which are popular toppings but are fatty and bad for the heart.
It is topped with cherry tomatoes – tomatoes contain a lot of vitamins and minerals, and past research has suggested they may slow the growth of some cancers.
The pizza also has olives and olive oil on it, which are staples of the Mediterranean diet – the Med diet is widely regarded as one of the healthiest in the world.
Also on the pizza is a type of broccoli called rapini. Broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable, which cut the risk of getting various cancers, research shows.
EXPLAINED: THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET
Consuming more fruit and fish, and fewer sugary drinks and snacks, are the most important aspects of a Mediterranean diet.
- whole grains
- fish and meat
- monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil
- Saturated fats, like butter
- Red meat
- Processed foods, like juice and white bread
- A glass of red wine here and there is fine
How you can follow it:
- Eat more fish
- Squeeze more fruit & veg into every meal
- Swap your sunflower oil or butter for extra virgin olive oil
- Snack on nuts
- Eat fruit for dessert